Once it was called 'Phoenicusa': "rich in ferns", and a major area of the island is still covered with this type of vegetation. This island, measuring just under 10 km2, lies 9 miles from Alicudi and 19 miles from Lipari. It is the most ragged of this group of islands and geologists believe that its conformation is the product of six eruptive mouths, three of which represent today's peaks of the island: Fossa delle Felci (774 m) which is the oldest; Montagnola (333 m) which is probably the most recent; and Torrione (280 m).
This ideal holiday island, light-years away from traffic and noise has two villages lying on a small peninsula stretching out towards the south: Filicudi Porto and Pecorini a Mare. The remains of prehistoric settlements from the Bronze Age have been found here. Excavations have also been car- ried out in the upper area and up to the peak of the Montagnola. Subsequent settlements were built here, probably for defence requirements and deserves a visit. The island's has a road so you can either hire a moped or ride a bike.
The coasts of Filicudi present uncommon beauty. Sloping formations of terraces covered by woods of broom and falling towards the sea, follow narrow valleys, to abrupt rocks and to coasts now severe, now pleasant. Here and there one admires deep grottos like that of the Maccatore, of S. Bartolomeo, of the Perciato (perforated) and of the Bue Marino (seal). The last is the most well known and is a must to be seen for your sailing vacation on the Italian sea . It has an entrance with pointed arch with a characteristic entrance hall and with a most ample cavity. The plays of light and shadow produce therein phenomena of refraction particularly suggestive.